Two possible origins of the word Sinai are from the word Sen meaning teeth in reference to the mountains or from the word Sin the goddess of the moon. When you are here and witness the brightness of the moon shining of the flanks of the jagged peaks you will believe both.
Trek through deep wadis and winding canyons, discovering a culture as rich as the surrounding landscape is beautiful. Walk over mountaintops with circling birds soaring in the rising thermals above and prehistoric buildings to your side. Endemic plants with medicinal value house miniature butterflies, whilst the bigger animals of the area like the wolves, foxes and leopards hide with a watchful eye, as you climb past them. The trek will take you over sandy paths, up broken rocky gullies and over steep scrambling on exposed ridges. Standing on the highest peaks in Egypt you will have views of Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Mainland Egypt all from the same position. You will live like the Bedouin; out under the sun and stars and cooking over an open fire. We will walk for 16 days over hundreds of kilometers, with our camels by our sides rediscovering an ancient landscape. Interested?
The trek will venture over land owned by four different Bedouin tribes so we shall hire camels from each tribe as we pass through their territory. This makes sure that your money ends up in the areas we shall trek through, thus making a difference to the lives of the people you will meet and become friends with on the trek.
The mountains we will climb:
1. Jebel Abbas Pasha (2344m) - Jebel Tiinya is the peak's original name, but has come to be known as Abbas Pasha. The viceroy of Egypt Abbas Himli I - started to build his palace to recuperate from TB. Construction began in 1853, but in 1854 he died and work stopped. It now stands in a ruin of 45 square meters that was said to be two stories high. It is uncertain whether he was murdered or he died of a stroke.
2. Gebel Bab El Dunya (2228m) - "The door to the Universe". The peak is on the edge of the highlands and has views down to the Gulf of Suez. The peak is also a home to many endemic species; amongst others is the Sinai Baton Blue Butterfly.
3. Gebel Katherine (2637m) - Gebel Katherine is actually 3m lower and 1km to the north of Gebel Zebir and is part of the Saint Katherine Cluster. The other peak Gebel Abu Rumail lays 2km to the south of Zebir. The rock is a dark syenitic granite split by basalt dykes. As you walk up Wadi Leja look out for the mould of the calf, Burial place of the tables of law, and the stone of Moses.
4. Gebel Umm Shomar (2586m) - This is the third highest peak in the Sinai. Prior to 1907 this peak was thought to be the highest in the Sinai, but now due to better techniques in measurement Gebel Katherine and Gebel Zebir are higher. The rugged nature of the mountain meant the first ascent of the peak was by three English men not until 1862. On a clear day the confluence of the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aquaba and the Red Sea proper can be seen.
5. Gebel Thebt (2439m) - This peak was explored by the British explorer F.W. Holland in 1862, it is the highest peak of the central peaks on the Sinai east and west drainage divide. This is one of the most remote peaks and said to be the home of wolves
6. Gebel Sabbagh (2266m) - This peak is said by many to be the hardest peak to ascend in the Sinai Desert. We shall access the summit by a ridge walk from Gebel Thebt, there will be no footpaths made by man just tracks of wild animals. The eerie glow of the lights of Sharm el Sheikh can be seen at night to the south, which will remind us of our position of remoteness.
7. Gebel Abu Masaud (2135m) - The peak is the most central of the ten. Views of all the wadis and peaks in the south fill the foreground and the Red Sea and Saudi Arabia fill the background. If you have chosen to sleep on the summit then the lights of Dahab and Sharm el Sheikh glow the night sky and if you catch the full moon a clear reflection lights a path across the sea.
8. Gebel Umm Alawi (2141m) - The peak is on the Sinai drainage divide, to the East the water flows down to the Blue Desert before going to the Gulf of Aqaba and to the West water flows down into the wadis at the foot of Gebel Musa and Jebel Katherine. Both views East and West are spectacular. The summit is a great place to watch sun rise up over Saudi Arabia and see it turn the side of Gebel Musa and Katherine a bright orange with shining white chapels atop.
9. Gebel Banat (1758m) - Although the peak is the lowest of the ten it has a narrow rocky summit that drops away to Wadi Feiran and the El Tih escarpment in the distance. The legend has it that two sisters that were both forced into a proposed marriage climbed to the summit braided their hair together and jumped falling down the 500m high north west face to their deaths. Their suicides shocked the local community and opened up better rights and more choice for today's Bedouin girls.
10. Gebel Serbal (2070m) - This is for sure the jewel in the crown. This is the most dramatic peak in the Sinai although it is the thirteenth in elevation. Towering above the Oasis of Wadi Feiran the peak stretches in a 5km long ridge made up of five turrets and ten summits. The highest is Gebel Madhawwa "the lighthouse" named after the stone structure on the summit. Some believers think this to be the true Mt Sinai where Moses received the Ten Commandments.
Sheikh Sina reserve the right to modify all our treks without notice in accordance with changing conditions in the area.